The United Nations Strategic Plan for Forests 2017-2030 (UNSPF) was created by the Member States of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) to provide a global framework for action at all levels to sustainably manage all types of forests and trees outside forests, and to halt deforestation and forest degradation. At the heart of the Strategic Plan are six Global Forest Goals and 26 associated targets, all of which are voluntary and universal.
The impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic are coupled with the escalating impacts of climate change and a biodiversity crisis – global emergencies with serious implications for forest ecosystems. Among its many findings, the ‘Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services’ of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) highlighted that one million species were at risk of extinction and that 100 million hectares of tropical forest were lost from 1980 to 2000. At the same time, climate change is jeopardizing the resilience of forest ecosystems and their ability to support ecosystem services worldwide. Though forests offer nature-based solutions to overcome these concurrent global challenges, they have also never been more at risk.
Global Forest Goal 1
Reverse the loss of forest cover worldwide through sustainable forest management, including protection, restoration, afforestation and reforestation, and increase efforts to prevent forest degradation and contribute to the global effort of addressing climate change.
Global Forest Goal 2
Enhance forest-based economic, social and environmental benefits, including the livelihoods of forest-dependent people.
Global Forest Goal 3
Increase significantly the area of protected forests worldwide and other areas of sustainably managed forests, as well as the proportion
of forest products from sustainably managed forests.
Global Forest Goal 4
Mobilize significantly increased, new and additional financial resources from all sources for the implementation of sustainable forest management and strengthen scientific and technical cooperation and partnerships.
Global Forest Goal 5
Promote governance frameworks to implement sustainable forest management, including through the United Nations forest instrument,
and enhance the contribution of forests to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Global Forest Goal 6
Enhance cooperation, coordination, coherence and synergies on forestrelated issues at all levels, including within the United Nations system
and across member organizations of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests, as well as across sectors and relevant stakeholders.
Issues for Future Consideration
Countries elaborated a number of obstacles they were working to overcome. Key challenges ranged from broader global issues such as the growing impacts of climate change, biodiversity loss, and land degradation to challenges like forest financing, illegal trade, and capacity building, all of which fell under the means of implementation for sustainable
Source – United Nations